How to Choose the Right Well Pump for Your Home

July 13, 2023 4:17 pm Published by Leave your thoughts

How to Choose the Right Well Pump for Your Home

If you rely on a well for your home’s water supply, having a reliable well pump is essential. However, choosing the right well pump can be a daunting task, considering the various types and options available in the market. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of selecting the right well pump for your home.

1. Assess Your Water Needs

The first step in choosing the right well pump is to assess your household’s water needs. Consider factors such as the number of people in your home, water usage patterns, and the types of appliances or fixtures that require water. This assessment will help determine the pump’s capacity or flow rate needed to meet your household’s demands.

Using a water usage calculator or consulting a well pump professional can assist you in estimating your water needs accurately. It’s important not to overlook factors such as irrigation, pool filling, or other bulk water usage requirements to ensure your pump can handle these additional demands.

2. Understand Well Depth and Static Water Level

Knowing the depth of your well and the static water level is crucial in determining the right well pump. The depth of the well will determine the vertical distance the pump needs to lift water, while the static water level indicates the distance from the ground surface to the water level when the pump is not operating.

The pump’s total dynamic head (TDH) is calculated by combining the vertical distance, friction loss, and pressure requirements. Understanding these variables will help you select a pump that can deliver water effectively and efficiently based on your well’s specifications.

3. Consider Well Pump Types

There are several types of well pumps available, and each has its own benefits and limitations. The three most common types are submersible pumps, jet pumps, and centrifugal pumps.

Submersible pumps are typically installed in deep wells and are submerged underwater. These pumps are highly efficient, quiet, and can push water to significant heights. Submersible pumps are suitable for wells with a depth of over 25 feet.

Jet pumps, on the other hand, are installed above ground and use suction to draw water from the well. These pumps are more common in shallow wells and are often less expensive than submersible pumps. Jet pumps can handle depths of up to 25 feet and are available in two types: shallow well and deep well jet pumps.

Centrifugal pumps are primarily used for low-flow and high-pressure applications. These pumps are suitable for wells with low yield or when the water source is far from the house. However, they require more horsepower and may not be suitable for every well configuration.

4. Determine Motor Size and Power Requirements

The motor size and power requirements of the well pump depend on various factors, including the well depth, water usage, and distance from the well to your home. The size of the pump’s motor is typically measured in horsepower (HP).

For submersible pumps, the size of the motor should match the pump’s flow rate and TDH requirements. Oversizing or undersizing the motor can result in inefficiency or premature pump failure. To ensure proper motor size, consult with a well pump professional or refer to the manufacturer’s specifications.

Jet pumps, especially deep well jet pumps, often require a larger motor to generate the necessary suction or pressure. Consult the pump’s manufacturer or a professional to determine the appropriate motor size for your specific well conditions.

5. Consider Pump Quality and Durability

Investing in a high-quality, durable well pump is crucial to ensure long-term reliability and performance. Consider factors such as the pump’s construction materials, brand reputation, and customer reviews. Stainless steel or thermoplastic construction is often preferred due to their corrosion resistance and durability.

Look for well pump models that come with warranties to provide peace of mind in case of any manufacturing defects or performance issues. Well pumps are a long-term investment, and choosing a reputable brand known for quality and customer satisfaction can save you time, money, and frustration in the long run.

6. Consult a Well Pump Professional

When in doubt or faced with complex well configurations, it is always beneficial to consult a well pump professional. These professionals have the expertise and knowledge to assess your well’s specifications, recommend the right pump, and ensure proper installation. They can also provide guidance on maintenance and troubleshooting, ensuring the longevity and efficiency of your well pump system.


Choosing the right well pump for your home is a crucial decision that affects your water supply’s reliability and efficiency. Assessing your water needs, understanding your well’s depth and static water level, and considering the different well pump types are all important steps in the selection process. Determine the motor size, power requirements, and prioritize high-quality and durability. When in doubt, consult with a professional to ensure a well pump system that meets your household’s water demands and provides peace of mind for years to come.

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